To be eligible for statutory sick pay, or SSP for short an employee must have an employment contract and have done some work under their contract.

They must earn an average of at least £123 per week and have been off sick for 4 days in a row before they qualify.

An employee is entitled to 28 weeks of SSP at £99.35 per week.

Unlike Statutory Maternity Pay SSP is not credited back to the employer. Therefore, when an employee is off sick it is at a cost to the employer of £99.35 per week and the cost of covering the work of the employee off sick.

Also be sure to check if your company offers a contractual sick policy to make sure you are paying your staff correctly.

A few points to note:

  • If an employee has worked for a minute before they go home sick this is not a sick day.
  • You do not pay SSP for the first 3 working days they’re off sick unless the employee received SSP within the last 8 weeks which included a 3-day waiting period before they got SSP. 
  • Employees can qualify for sick pay for more than one job, they could also qualify in one job but be fit to work in another, for instance, if one job is physical work that they cannot carry out while the other is office based.
  • SSP stops when the employee comes back to work, or they are no longer eligible i.e. the 28 weeks of SSP is used up, in this case you would issue an SSP1 form
  • In April 2023 the SSP rate will increase from £99.35 to £109.40 per week.